For the record, I prepared a square foot area of soil, digging about a foot deep, then adding organic fertilizer according to instructions. The carrots seeds were scattered on the top of the soil. We topped this area with a thick layer of alfalfa mulch, followed by a generous watering. I hoped that the mulch would help retain the water since carrot seeds need to be kept moist until they germinate which can be awhile, up to 30 days. This time, they took about a week, a record time for us.